CITIZENS AND THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Current situation and prospects for the future
Circular economy arises to respond to the urge to transform the economic model that has prevailed (and continues to prevail) in the industry and consumption patterns: the linear economy. The classic system of extraction of resources from nature, transformation, production, distribution and disposal of used products is, clearly, not sustainable. The transition from a linear system to a circular one will require commitment from three key social actors: public administration, companies and citizens.
This study has been carried out with two main objectives: to analyse the behaviours, attitudes, perceptions and motivations of Spanish citizens regarding sustainability and the adoption of circular economy practices (such as reusing, repairing, consuming remanufactured products and recycling); and to identify good local and international practices aimed at accelerating the implementation of the circular economy.
The analysis included 2,534 citizen surveys, a compilation of private initiatives that are benchmark in the implementation of circular business models, interviews with experts in the fields of sustainability and the circular economy, and a reference trip to Scotland to interview public institutions and companies leading the transition to a circular economy.
This study was carried out with the participation and support of 14 public and private entities: ACCIÓ, Gallina Blanca-GBfoods, Catalan Waste Agency (ARC), Banc Sabadell, Barcelona de Serveis Municipals (B:SM), Department of Territory and Sustainability of the Government of Catalunya, Diputació de Barcelona, Endesa, Holaluz, ISP, Mango, Naturgy, Puig and Veritas.